The technical term of vitamin B5 is Pantothenic acid. Vitamin B5 is a water-soluble vitamin. It is a very important vitamin as it is essential for the synthesis of coenzyme-A (CoA), CoA is an enzyme which plays an important role in synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. Vitamin B5 also plays an important role in the metabolism of protein and carbohydrate.
Vitamin B5 – Pantothenic Acid Sources
Pantothenic acid is universally present in small quantities. Some of the richest sources of vitamin B5 are whole-grain cereals (like brown rice and whole wheat), legumes, avocado, and yogurt. However milling and polishing removes most of the vitamin b5 present in the grains. Hence it is important to consume whole (with the outer bran and the germ portion).
Biological Functions of Vitamin B5 – Pantothenic Acid
Vitamin B5 is required by the body for several important metabolic activities. The important biological functions of Vitamin B5 are:[checklist]
- Helps in the synthesis of coenzyme-A
- Aids in testicular health
- Aids in healing of wound/li>
- Controls obesity and aids in weight loss
- Controls hair fall and Acne (Hence used in many shampoos and skin care products)[/checklist]
Vitamin B5 – Pantothenic Acid Deficiency
Vitamin B5 deficiency is very rare as this vitamin is present in most foods that we consume. In those rare cases of vitamin B5 deficiency the symptoms are quite similar to other vitamin B deficiencies. The most common symptoms of vitamin B5 deficiency are irritability, fatigue, and apathy. In other cases it results in restlessness, sleeplessness, nausea and vomiting. A deficiency may also complicate diabetes.
Vitamin B5 – Requirements and supplements
Daily requirement of vitamin B5 for an average man/women is 5 mg/day. However pregnant and lactating women should consume slightly more.
The deficiency is rare and those rare cases whole grains and legumes should be sufficient. The vitamin B5 supplements are not Pantothenic acid but derivatives of vitamin B5 like calcium pantothenate for more stability. This supplement has few other additional benefits as well, like joint pain relief, arthritis and morning stiffness. If you want to go in for a vitamin supplement then read more about the vitamin supplements and the associated risks.